The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2011 was awarded to Dan Shechtman "for the discovery of quasicrystals".
Born: 1941, Tel Aviv, Israel
Affiliation at the time of the award: Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Prize motivation: "for the discovery of quasicrystals".
For more info about Dan Shechtman: http://materials.technion.ac.il/st/