Friday, January 25, 2013

Wish You A Happy Republic Day





Each year, 26th January is a day on which every Indian heart fills up with patriotic fervour and immense love for motherland. There are many significant memories as it was this day when the Indian Tricolour was first unfurled in January 1930 at Lahore, by Pt Jawaharlal Nehru and the declaration of an independent Indian National Congress was made.

Republic Day reminds us of the hard work and challenges which our forefathers faced to make this country a Sovereign Democratic Republic. This day evokes a feeling of patriotism in the heart of every Indian.

26th January, 1950 was the day when the Indian republic and its constitution came into force. It was this day in history in 1965 when Hindi was declared as the official language of India.



History

Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.
A salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National Flag by Dr. Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on that day. Thereafter 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and was recognised as the Republic Day of India.


The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to choose their own government and paved the way for democracy. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India at the Durbar Hall in Government House and this was followed by the Presidential drive along a five-mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled the National Flag. 

Journey of Indian Republic

63 years back, a salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National flag by Dr. Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on January 26, 1950; 894 days after our country became a dominion following withdrawal of British Rule. Since then, every year the day is celebrated with great pride and happiness all over the nation.

The transition of India from a British colony to a sovereign, secular, and democratic nation was indeed historical. It was a long journey of around two decades that started with the conceptualisation of the dream in 1930 to its actual realization in 1950. A look into the journey that led to the birth of Indian Republic will make our celebrations more meaningful.

Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress

The seeds of a republican nation were sowed at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress at the midnight of 31st December 1929. The session was held under the presidency of Pt. Jawarhar Lal Nehru. Those present in the meeting took a pledge to mark January 26 as "Independence Day" in order to march towards realizing the dream of complete independence from the British. The Lahore Session paved way to the Civil Disobedience movement. It was decided that January 26, 1930 would be observed as the Purna Swaraj (complete Independence) Day. Many Indian political parties and Indian revolutionaries from all over the country united to observe the day with honour and pride.

Indian Constituent Assembly Meetings

The Indian Constituent Assembly, which was constituted as a result of the negotiations between the Indian leaders and members of the British Cabinet Mission, had its first meeting on December 9, 1946. The Objective of the Assembly was to give India a constitution, which would serve a lasting purpose and hence appointed a number of committees to thoroughly research the various aspects of the proposed constitution. The recommendations were discussed, debated and revised many times before the Indian Constitution was finalized and officially adopted three years later on November 26, 1949.

Constitution came into force

Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it enjoyed the true spirit of Independence on January 26, 1950 when the Constitution of India finally came into force. The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, took oath as the first President of India at the Durbar Hall in the Government House and this was followed by the Presidential drive along a five-mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled the National Flag.
Ever since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor all around the country. The day owes its importance to the constitution of India that was adopted on this day. On this Republic Day, read what the great Constitution of India, that propounds liberal democracy, has in its store. Let's also feel proud in pronouncing what the Preamble to our Constitution  says.








Trivia


  • With 395 Articles and eight Schedules, the Indian Constitution is the largest written Constitution in the world. On 29 August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India.
  • The Constitution of India was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on November 26, 1949, but came into effect on January 26, 1950.

  • The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days, spread over a period of two years, 11 months and 18 days. Its sessions were open to the Press and the public.
  • Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first President (temporary chairman) of the Constituent Assembly when it met on December 9, 1946. Dr. Rajendra Prasad then became the President of the Constituent Assembly, and later became the first President of India.
  • The words Socialist and Secular were added to the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
  • The first national flag in India is said to have been hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta, now Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green.
  • On 26th January 2002, the Indian flag code was modified and after several years of Independence, Indians were allowed to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories on any day and not just National Days as was the case earlier.  
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  • Awards & Recipients   

  • Soldiers, who have performed outstanding deeds of bravery and selfless sacrifice, are awarded the bravery medals, Param Vir Chakra, Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra. Children are also honoured with National Bravery Awards for the highest degree of valour and selfless sacrifice.

    National awards for bravery were started in 1957 by the Indian Council for Child Welfare (ICCW). Every year the ICCW confers these awards to children between 6 to 18 years of age.



31 States,
1618 Languages,
6400 Castes,
6 Religions,
6 Ethnic Groups,
29 Major Festivals &
1 Country!
Be Proud To Be An Indian!…
Great Republic…
Happy Republic Day !!



Thousands laid down their lives so
that our country breath this day…
never forget their sacrifice..
Happy Republic Day!!
Take a stand against evil,
corruption & terrorism for
we belong to India,
a nation of pride &
we will thus say-
“HINDU, MUSLIM, SIKH,
ISAI, SAB HAI BHAI BHAI”
Happy Republic Day!!
India holds a very prestigious position
On the world map!!
Let’s pledge to take our country to new heights!!
Happy Republic Day
Safron Sacrfice
White Peace
Green Grow & Prosper
Happy Republic Day...



The Tricolor gives the messages of
Peace Humanity & Prosperity
Very Warm Greetings on this Republic Day

Remembering all the great men
Who stand as the backbone of
This Independent country!!
Spread the Message of Love
And Peace on this Republic Day

Saluting all great men
Who contributed in building a
Successful constitution
Warm Wishes on the Republic Day
Vande Matram!!

Let’s Salute our Freedom Fighters
On Republic Day!! Jai Hindi

Saluting all great men
Who contributed in building a
Successful constitution
Warm Wishes on the Republic Day
Vande Matram !!


Source: http://india.gov.in, & http://www.knowindia.gov.in